Skin Treatment; the meaning of hyperpigmentation is an increase or discoloration of the skin caused by melanin. Melanin is a brown pigment produced by specific cells in the skin called melanocytes. The melanocyte is responsible for the skin color. Melanin production is produced by a pituitary hormone (often called melanocyte-stimulating hormone).
Hyperpigmentation can be caused by inflammation, air pollution, sun damage, etc. People who have dark skin are more prone to hyperpigmentation, especially if the excess sun exposure. Therefore, it takes an intensive skin treatment to avoid problems hyperpigmentation.
This hyperpigmentation is caused by the overproduction of melanin. Hyperpigmentation can be diffuse and affect such areas as the hands, the back, and the face. Another form of hyperpigmentation is post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. This is discolored and dark spots that appear on the skin. There are some main types of hyperpigmentation, each of which is categorized by cause hyperpigmentation:
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH). This caused following skin injury from burns, friction, psoriasis, acne lesions, and certain professional skin treatment. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is responding well to skin treatment. That matter to fade as the skin regenerates itself over time and requires a healing process that can take months or more.
Lentigo or often referred to as liver spots or age spots. The emergence of lentigo on the skin of a person due to age factor. Age spots often found on 90% of light-skinned someone over the age of 50. Lentigo not directly caused by the aging process, but lentigines are related to UV exposure from sunlight. There are many ways to lentigo skin treatment.
Melasma is caused by hormonal fluctuations for example, through the use of birth control pills and hormone replacement therapy, with thyroid dysfunction, during pregnancy.
There is a range of other hyperpigmentation treatment options available to reduce any of the hyperpigmentation issues. Here are some ways to effectively prevent and treat hyperpigmentation.
There are several ways to avoid and prevent hyperpigmentation. This Hyperpigmentation is generally caused by sun exposure. One of the ways to avoid hyperpigmentation is to apply a sunscreen with a minimum SPF-30. It is useful to block UVA and UVB as well as apply it every three to four hours if you are outdoors.
Using a skin lightening; this step is using a skin treatment regimen that utilizes skin lightening materials. This regimen should be tailored to your skin's specific needs. Many types of skin lightening products and materials on the market and you have to selectively choose this lightening product.
Other than that, topical creams containing topical steroids, alpha hydroxy acid creams, azelaic acid or kojic acid, tretinoin, hydroquinone should be used at night time. Oral use of antioxidants also can help in reducing and preventing hyperpigmentation.
Fruits and vegetables in addition for nourish the body, which of course has other benefits for your skin treatment. Eat fruits and vegetables is one of effective skin treatment and cheap to do. This ingredient has always been considered a rich source of fiber and vitamins. The following are the natural materials that can be used for skin care:
Pear fruit comes from the pear tree that grows in subtropical climates. Most pear trees grow in Western Europe, Asia, and North Africa. A pear tree that grows to a height of 10-17 meters currently has lush leaves. The benefits of eating pears regularly can help prevent the appearance of wrinkles on the skin and is great for skin treatment.
According to research done by several dermatology academies; Apple has a lot of vitamin content such as vitamins C, E, A, k and vitamin B complex Biacin and Niacen also the mineral's zinc and copper are very effective for skin treatment.
Apples used to scrub or mask and are very effective for preventing and treating hyperpigmentation such as to tighten pores, to help erase those fine lines, reduce acne, to restore the skin's pH balance, and protects against skin damage from free radicals.
Papaya is the best bet when it comes to skin treatment. It is a good source of papain and Vitamin A. Vitamin A has benefits as an antioxidant, whereas papain provides active proteins and is useful for removing dead skin cells.
Papaya is also a rich source of antioxidant nutrients such as carotenoids, flavonoids, and vitamin C; the folate, vitamin B, and pantothenic acid; and the potassium, magnesium and minerals; and fiber. The pulp of the fruit is also a basic component of many creams face masks, so that papaya suited to brighten the skin.
The grapes have much content of polyphenols, natural compounds that contain antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, which not only can help promote blood vessel, skin care, and provide skin health, but also help protect against disease. Other than that, research has shown that grape seed and skin are a great source of OPCs (Oligomeric Proanthocyanidins), which can serve to promote collagen and elastin fibers.
If you’re prone to skin sensitivity or allergies, be sure to test a spot of the skin first. Simply cut a some grapes into halves and rub gently across your face for several minutes, then rinse with cold water. Alternatively, you can also crush some grapes and apply on the skin, let it dry, then rinsing off after 15 minutes.
Oranges have properties to improve skin texture and color. Oranges contain vitamin C and citric acid and useful for restore collagen in your body. Collagen can help tighten the skin and prevents aging of the skin. Citric acid can help to reduce wrinkles and softens the skin, removing the dead skin cells, cleanses the pores, helping in acne prevention, and can form a skin younger.